yes. anarchists are opposed to government. i recognize there are people who say that self-government is the anarchist ideal, but i reject that for precisely the confusion it sows about what governance means. i would call government an aspect of The State, which is an amorphous thing that includes history, psychology, culture, rigid hierarchy, etc.
For Deleuze and Guattari, then, the state is an abstract form or model rather than a concrete institution, which essentially rules through more minute institutions and practices of domination. The state “overcodes” these dominations, stamping them with its imprint. Therefore, the state has no essence itself, but is rather an “assemblage,” or even a process of “capture.”
that's quoting metalist from http://anarchy101.org/8403/the-role-of-state-today?show=8403#q8403
i would say, bouncing off of that, that a government is a concrete institution, a manifestation of the abstraction that is The State. and that by definition it involves alienation of people from acting for themselves. there is some space between how people join groups to work together (anarchist), and how people also band together to associate themselves with people who are doing things (less anarchist? not anarchist? to the extent it is about representation), or associate themselves with ideas without necessarily much doing at all.
as f@ alludes, some of these definitional questions just move the space in question. association is certainly one that comes up for me, here, also.
this could easily be a comment. i just felt like committing this morning.