Hi. Welcome to the site. Please check out the About Us, and if you have a question about crime and/or punishment, perhaps look at some previous questions along those lines first.
Welcome to Anarchy101 Q&A, where you can ask questions and receive answers about anarchism, from anarchists.

Is anarchy a form of consensus?

+1 vote
Is anarchy or anarchism, as you understand it or as it has been understood by various anarchists, something that aims toward or needs to build or is defined as a state of political consensus and/or consensus reality?

That is a "yes or no" question, but beyond that I want you to describe the anarchy you desire, especially if it is not a consensus variety. If everyone in the world doesn't agree to anarchy, then can anarchy exist? If so, what happens when people play with power, property, kidnapping, etc? How to deny power as a state while not prohibiting power as play? How to recognize when it has gone too far if not with a judge? How to experience full anarchy without having 7 billion anarchists? etc.
asked Apr 9, 2012 by anok (19,540 points)

2 Answers

+3 votes
If we understand anarchy to be a condition of existence without the state, without (semi-)permanent institutions of hierarchy and domination, then we can say that it is the most successful evolutionary adaptation of humans; for 99% of our history as a species, there was no state and no such institutions.

Throughout various human cultures, community cohesion is maintained through different means of decision making and implementation, some of them resembling what we might call "consensus" and others not so much. Regardless of what some anarchists might prefer, these models are only incidentally (definitionally) anarchist, since they are unconscious, rather than deliberately chosen for philosophical and/or socio-economic and/or socio-political reasons.

The problem for anarchists in general is figuring out whether we want anarchy or anarchism. Anarchism is a European political philosophy whose adherents and supporters offer it as a program for organizing a future society (with prefigurative tools and methods, blah blah). The goal is to abolish the state and capitalism, which can be understood not only as authoritarian -- but as aberrant -- social institutions. In order to succeed, anarchism would seem to require a vast majority of humanity to become anarchists, while anarchy doesn't really require anyone to be an anarchist.

Getting back to your question about consensus then, my answer would be "no." Sharing certain principles in common with a dozen friends doesn't even mean that consensus is possible or necessarily desirable. Consensus can look an awful lot like enforced conformity or totalitarianism, especially to someone with a different opinion from the majority. Anarchists usually include the idea of secession from any organization/federation, and that indicates a reluctance to fetishize consensus.
answered Apr 10, 2012 by lawrence (18,030 points)
+1 vote
bolo'bolo! (at least parts of it)

the only way any big system works is allowing flex and fluidity within it, which is why capitalism has worked so well (as in, maintained itself so well); it has tons of fluidity on the ground... so if anarchy is to succeed as some larger system, then it would have to allow lots of differences on the ground too.
i don't like thinking like this. i'm going to stop now.

ps: suicide pills and personal feuds for everyone!
answered May 10, 2014 by dot (50,920 points)
...