Hi. Welcome to the site. Please check out the About Us, and if you have a question about crime and/or punishment, perhaps look at some previous questions along those lines first.
Welcome to Anarchy101 Q&A, where you can ask questions and receive answers about anarchism, from anarchists.

Anarchist economists: any recommendations?

+3 votes
Who are some good authors promoting anarchist ideas in the economic sphere?
asked Mar 15, 2011 by vaguelyhumanoid (390 points)

4 Answers

+3 votes
There are quite a few (quasi-)anarchist economic proposals, but most of them (mutualism, communism, Parecon) I find uninteresting because they do not seem to envision a particularly radical departure in practice. For example, many anarchists propose some sort of currency to be used "after the revolution," whereas I question the desirability of exchanging goods and services for tokens in the first place.

Gift economy is the only economic theory that I've found to be particularly interesting. There have been a few individuals to theorize about it so far: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gift_economics#Social_theories , http://www.gifteconomy.org.au/page134.html , http://theanarchistlibrary.org/HTML/David_Graeber__Give_It_Away.html
answered Mar 15, 2011 by enkidu (6,110 points)
Have any anarchist theories of value been proposed?
i agree. Charles Eisenstein has also written a lot of about gift economy, and the idea of removing accounting from life. the rest of the animals on earth seem to live just fine without it.
–2 votes
Economics is a bullshit term.  It was created when universities decided to separate academia into different schools of thought.  Before that there was political-economy, but no "economics."

"Economics" cannot be separated from every other aspect of life including, politics, philosophy, 'society,' culture, and everything.

There can be nothing worthwhile in 'economics' until it takes a more 'inter-disciplinary' approach.

Take the anarchist ideas you know, and apply them to whatever you consider the 'economic sphere.'
answered Mar 19, 2011 by Taigarun (1,740 points)
Football cannot be separated from physics, but that doesn't make it a "bullshit term".

Would someone have to write knowledgeably about politics and philosophy and society and culture and every other aspect of life, before they could have a position on production and consumption?
+2 votes

Classical anarchist economics is usually expressed in the economic systems of anarcho-communism, collectivist anarchism and mutualist/individualist anarchism. Economics as a field has been criticized by other fields of academy so anyway lets check all of that.

Anarcho-communism: Mainly the system proposed by people like Kropotkin, Malatesta. A good economist with many writings on that particular subject of this current is the spanish and argentinian anarchist Diego Abad de Santillan who was one of the most important economists during the Spanish revolution of 1936. A good economics work from this tendency is "Fields, factories and workshops" by Kropotkin himslef. Even though Kropotkin was clear in stating a difference between marxism and anarchocomunnism one can any way also check the recent work by "anarcho-marxist" plataformist author Wayne Price "Marx’s Economics for Anarchists"

Collectivist anarchism: Mainly the economic proposal by Mikhail Bakunin and others like the spanish anarchist Ricardo Mella. The proposal of Bakunin was mainly to base distribution of wealth on the labour theory of value instead of what the anarcho-communists proposed which was distribution based on need. Bakunin also advocated workers cooperatives while Anarcho-communism tends towards communal ownership of enterprises. Clearly the most extensive recent exponent of this position as far as economics is Michael Albert and his PARECON system or Participatory Economics.

Individualist anarchism/Mutualism: One should not equate individualist anarchism with a mutualist position since many "egoist" anarchists of the insurrectionist tendency tend towards anarcho-communism just like someone like Luigi Galleani. Nevertheless mutualism should be dealt together with individualist anarchism due to the fact that what the main mutualist economist, Pierre Joseph Proudhon, proposed was something very similar to what US individualist anarchists such as Josiah Warren, William B. Greene, and Benjamin Tucker proposed. Mainly a non-capitalist market economy composed of self employers-both individuals and worker´s cooperatives. all of these 19th century authors have long works focused on the issue of economics to the point of being able to be judged as "economists" or ·"economicistic" authors. The best and most extensive recent economist of this point of view is clearly Kevin Carson and his Center for a Stateless Society. He has written many books on this subject such as "Studies of mutualist political economy" and "organizational Theory" which are very deep works as far as economics go and which have updated the views of Tucker and Proudhon taking into account recent developments both in economic theory and historical events.

Anarchist work on economics outside the academic discipline of economics:

After political, academic and economic developments of the 1960s nad 1970s, there emerged a criticism of the academic discipline of economics from fields such as sociology (economic sociology), antropology (economic antropology), history (economic history) and cultural studies. As such that ended up expressing from anarchist points of view in the most developed, extensive and dedicated form in the work of David Graeber and works like "Debt: the first 4000 years" and his most recent "The Utopia of Rules: On Technology, Stupidity, and the Secret Joys of Bureaucracy" among other works. Graeber is already a big name within the sub-field of "economic antrhopology" and is also read and commented in "economic sociology". Reading him is a good antidote to the economicism that can be present in an author such as Kevin Carson or in the excessive reliance on a "model" present in Michael Albert.

answered May 13, 2015 by iconoclast (3,250 points)
edited May 13, 2015 by iconoclast
A free audio book of David Graeber's "Debt: The First 5000 Years" is here: http://www.unwelcomeguests.net/Debt,_The_First_5000_Years

Also Unwelcome Guests, the podcast that hosts the file, is f*ing amazing.  Their first episode deals with economics, episode 599 is another great look at money, and almost every episode is an eye-opener on some subject or another.

http://www.unwelcomeguests.net/001_-_Delusions_of_Modern_Economics_and_The_Free_Market_(Women%27s_Day_Edition)

http://www.unwelcomeguests.net/599
+1 vote

https://zcomm.org/category/topic/parecon/

Participatory Economics is a kind of democratic decision making about production, consumption, and work.  It values self-management, equity, diversity, and solidarity.  It aims to promote those values through council decision making, balanced jobs, and reward (pay) for effort and sacrifice.

The authors of Parecon are profs. Michael Albert and Robin Hahnel.

http://zcomm.org/looking-forward/  Looking Forward is a good primer.  

Edit: removing whiny self-indulgence.

 The main objection to Parecon appears to be that it uses accounts of earned consumption rights, rather than a direct transmission of goods.

answered May 21, 2015 by k.lin (460 points)
edited May 22, 2015 by k.lin
i'm voting you up because i appreciate a breadth of answers/perspectives.

the problem i have with parecon is that it seems to me that it would rely on/create policies that would be horrible: endless meetings, most notably.

but i don't know that much about it. it seems likely that i would also hate the "earned consumption rights," which do indeed also sound terrible.
I am neither up- or downvoting, but, like dot, I appreciate you bringing up Parecon. It is not my bag, but it is a theory that is definitely worth discussing as it relates to this question.
who creates the money in such a system? how does it get created? does the money supply expand like it does now? does it include interest? who requires who to use the money created? where does it get used(geographically)? does it remove the federal reserve, the imf, the banking institutions, etc.?

Full answers to all that would take thousands of words - and they do, in the free  book linked above, as well as Parecon: Life After Capitalism and Of The People, By The People: The Case for a Participatory Economy, as well as discussions on zcomm.org.  

"Who creates money" can mean several things.  If you mean "who mints coins and prints bills", maybe no one.  Electronic exchange is probably good enough to supplant physical tender.  If you mean "who causes a store of value to be recorded," then the (simplified) answer is "co-equal councils of workers whose balanced job complexes encompass crediting workers for the agreed value of their work." In short, bookkeepers.  If you mean "who establishes relative value", the answer is basically "everyone".  

Full, satisfying answers are available, but writing them in a comment here is impractical.  If the free book above is too much to start with, try this discussion:  https://zcomm.org/znetarticle/of-the-people-by-the-people-by-robin-hahnel/

There are many more discussions on zcomm also.  Look around, I'm sure you'll find stimulating ideas. :-) 

Plenty of meetings happen already, but they are generally reserved for coordinator-class people with comfortable jobs and little real work.  The outcome of those meetings, predictably, serves the interests of capitalists first, coordinators second, and everyone else third if at all.

Participation in meetings would be part of your balanced job, and the outcome would serve the interests of workers (almost everyone) and consumers (literally everyone).  Personally, I think getting paid to make the world a better place for everyone is a pretty good deal, and worth my time.

"If you mean "who mints coins and prints bills", maybe no one.  Electronic exchange is probably good enough to supplant physical tender..."

no one mints or prints today either. electronic exchange has already supplanted physical tender (to the tune of around 99% of "money").

as long as accounting and crediting happens, you don't have much fundamental difference than what we have today.

when I think of an alternative to our present money system, I think of things I can do right now, today, that work fundamentally differently - and for that reason i desire to live as much as possible with a gift mentality.

I disagree.  A system that eliminates profit, prioritizes meeting people's needs, respects ecology, and promotes human solidarity is very different from a system that deifies profit, prioritizes expanding consumption, destroys ecology, and promotes emotional isolation.  

Even if they both use numbers to keep track of how much we have produced and consumed.

i should probably have said ' not different enough in the ways that i desire."

damn, ba@, you pretty much beat me to the comment i was going to make. that both systems thingify and thus quantify our relationships in some 'system,' i want less and less to do with it...yes, i said 'it' cuz 'both' rely upon the same fragmenting world-view.
i really wish i could express it more clearly...your thoughts help, AF.

but i often feel that i look at life so differently, especially when it comes to "economics", that i can't even find the language to communicate it in a way that someone with another world-view can understand.

i guess i'll head back outside to see if i can spot a bobcat scurrying up the hillside or some woodpeckers gathering acorns.
...