Hierarchy and non-hierarchical relations alike are interwoven with how we interpret/perceive the ineffable, that which is indicated when we say 'self' and 'world.' I'm not saying that intra-human hierarchies are caused by cosmology or the reverse, that one's cosmological hierarchy is due to intra-human hierarchies. I am saying that I see these as completely interwoven ( 'cause/effect' here needlessly separate that which I cannot see as separate).
God- and/or priest-kings bespeak an expected tithing of egocide on the part of those 'below' every bit as much as the technocratic expert, wildlife manager and factory farmer play out ecocide on those held 'below' what's held as 'human.' However, there's no real antithesis at work here, between 'ego-' and 'eco-'. Different hymns are sung to the same Great Chain of Being on both occasions, and more likely than not, given their common ground, the hymn is actually one and the same; always in praise of the Great Chain of Being. To illustrate, the factory and the state demand simultaneous eco- and ego-cide , to varying degrees depending upon the industry and government involved to be sure, but always along on the same road-map of cosmo-anthropology as all the other factories and states.
As such, 'benefits' and 'drawbacks' may be answerable only in terms of how one perceives/interprets 'the world,' and one's own actualization as 'self' or 'one's own.' So, your question is rather deep in that it's prefigures upon how we desire to commune/dance with our immediate, sensible, throbbing 'world' and the songs we come to sing about it to one another - 'human' and 'non-human' alike.
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