In my experience shame and guilt are not good motivators, on the contrary, they're paralyzing. When people are made to feel ashamed or guilty they rarely 'fess up' and go along with whatever demands are being made of them (I've only known this to happen among extremely close friends); more often they feel cornered, singled-out, attacked and get defensive. So unless the person in question is an adversary in such a situation as funky outlined, shame and guilt aren't constructive tools to use, they just amplify and emotionally deepen conflict.
To be honest, the example thought up by Peter Gelderlooz doesn't sound like an example of anarchy working, it sounds like childish collective passive aggressive bullying, albeit in a humorously whimsical form. I think rick hit the nail on the head here, relationships built on manipulating people through shame aren't healthy, and are too close to outright intimidation for comfort. If you want someone to take out the trash, ask them to take out the goddamn trash.